Infertility is a situation where a woman becomes unable to conceive a baby even after performing an unprotected sex. The regular attempts of getting pregnant fails, this type of situation can be termed as infertility.
Main Reasons for infertility
There are many reasons which can lead to infertility. Following are the reasons that can stop a woman from getting pregnant:
Damage of Fallopian tubes
Fallopian tubes work as carrier which takes away eggs from ovaries to the uterus (where a baby develops). These fallopian tubes damage due to the pelvic infection and surgery. Damaged fallopian tubes restrict the sperm from reaching an egg.
The unusual change in hormones can also lead to infertility. This hormonal imbalance directly affects the PCOS problem that is the main reason of infertility. Hormonal imbalance makes the lining of uterus thick which becomes barrier to pregnancy. The PCOS treatment gives effective results for reducing the risks of infertility.
This problem is not common. It occurs only in some women. It is a generally a condition that restricts the sperm passing through the cervical canal.
Some women have polyps and fibroids that stop them to get pregnant. Polyps and fibroids occur when cells start growing in an excess amount in endometrium (lining of uterus). There are many other uterine problems that can cause infertility.
Besides these, there are several reasons which are unexplained. According to research, there are 20% cases where the exact reasons for infertility cannot be found.
Women Infertility treatment
Infertility is now curable with the help of medical science. Following treatments are given to cure infertility problems:
If a woman is diagnosed with tubal or pelvic disease, her reproductive organs are reconstructed with a help of a surgery known as laparoscopy.
Hysteroscopy is the process of removing polyps and fibroid tumors that helps in opening of blocked tubes.
Medication is also prescribed to many women for curing infertility.
In-vitro fertilization is the advanced technique of placing fertilized eggs directly into uterus.
ICSI treatment is also given. Under this doctor directly injects the sperm into eggs and then places in the uterus.
Fertility is now possible with the modern techniques. Any woman can give birth to child.